Teaching Yoga, Adjusting Asana

Melanie Cooper book jacket.jpg

My first book Teaching Yoga, Adjusting Asana was published in Autumn 2013.


It is aimed primarily at new yoga teachers, but all the feedback I’ve received is that it is very useful for students in their own practice.

I really loved writing the book. I feel I have learned so much from so many great teachers over the years and it’s important for us all to share with each other and help each other. It felt like a real labour of love to try to distill the important things about teaching the practice into a book to share. There are very few books out there for teachers and I hope this book will inspire more teachers to write their own book.

You can read an excerpt from the book below.

Melanie Cooper Book Signing I
Melanie Cooper Book Signing II
Melanie is clearly an Ashtanga practitioner who loves her practice and devoted to it’s communication.
— Anthony Grimmly

Excerpt from Teaching Yoga, Adjusting Asana


This book is primarily about teaching yoga and contains much information that will be of interest and use to teachers and students of all styles of yoga. I am an Ashtanga teacher and so the book is based on the Ashtanga Primary Series.

Before I go any further I want to state clearly that this book is not about Ashtanga yoga as it is traditionally taught in Mysore, and I am not trying to give the ‘correct Mysore point of view’. I have the utmost respect for Pattabhi Jois and Sharath and their teaching methods. I was taught myself mainly by a teacher who remains very faithful to the traditional style and I am very grateful and consider myself very lucky to have been taught this way. I have also studied in Mysore with Pattabhi Jois and Sharath and completely loved the experience and gained a huge amount from it, but I do not pretend to speak for them and they have not endorsed this book.

I think that there is no doubt about the authenticity and integrity of Pattabhi Jois and Sharath. Their teaching method has produced some of the most accomplished, knowledgeable and sincere yoga practitioners around today, but the reality facing most new yoga teachers is that most of their classes are in gyms where it is not possible to teach in the Mysore style. Most of these classes are only one hour long and open to all levels. Most of the students are practising only once or twice a week. In this situation a new way of teaching Ashtanga has emerged – a general led class – and this is what this book is about, but it is my hope that this book will be useful to many different categories of yoga practitioner.

So, firstly this book is for newly qualified teachers teaching in gyms. I have been there myself and I know the frustrations and joys of teaching in this way. It is not an easy path – it can be immensely rewarding but also hugely frustrating. The fact that yoga in gyms has thrived for nearly two decades is testament to the huge benefits yoga has to offer, and the dedication and hard work of all the gym-based yoga teachers. We have seen many fads and fashions come and go in the gyms over the years and many attempts by the gyms to outdo us in our own territory, but yoga classes remain perennially popular. I hope this book will give you support, ideas and food for thought.

This book is also for teachers of all kinds of yoga. It is a source of sadness to me that some yoga teachers look more for the divisions between types of yoga rather than what we have in common. I feel we are all doing essentially the same thing but with different emphases to cater for all the different personalities and body types doing asana:

  • We all do asana, pranayama, bandhas and dristi.
  • We all have to deal with students and their injuries.
  • We all have to work out how to communicate effectively.
  • We all try to explain the spiritual aspects of yoga.
  • We all have to deal with the same ethical difficulties and dilemmas.
  • The chapter on deepening the primary series gives ideas for workshops that would work for many styles of yoga.
  • The adjustment chapter is applicable to all who would like to start working in a more hands-on way with their students.

I hope there is much in this book that will help and inspire teachers of many forms of yoga.

I also hope that students of yoga will find much of help and interest here. The in-depth information about the breathing, bandhas and dristi could help students of any level deepen their practice and their understanding of yoga in general. This applies especially to more advanced students who are thinking of starting to teach and those already on teacher-training courses.

The feedback I have received from people who have read this book during the editorial process has been very positive. The book has been tried out by newly qualified and more experienced yoga teachers, and by students both beginners and more experienced. All of them found information and ideas that were helpful and interesting and useful to them in their practice and teaching.

The book is basically in two parts: Chapters 1 to 7, which focus on the process of teaching as a whole; and Chapters 8 to 11, which are primarily practical and relate to the individual asana. Chapter 1 gives general information about various important aspects of teaching. Chapters 2, 3 and 4 cover the breath, bandhas and dristi. For each of these you will find basic information about technique, contraindications and benefits, as well as ideas about how to teach it. Where relevant, the information is divided into scientific aspects and more yogic aspects and wherever possible I have included references to scientific studies or yogic texts. Chapter 5 covers injuries – how they are caused, how to prevent them and how to work with students who are injured. In Chapter 6 I give some ideas about how to teach the spiritual as- pects of yoga and Chapter 7 explores the ethics of yoga teaching through the structure of the yamas and niyamas. Chapter 8 deals with teaching points: what to say, how to say it and ideas for phrases for each asana in the primary series. In Chapter 9 the whole primary series is given with the Sanskrit count. This gives the breath and movements into and out of each pose in the primary series. In Chapter 10 I give various stretches and strengthening exercises that can help students to work on the primary series and ideas for how to put these together for workshop-style classes. The final chapter of the book deals with adjustments. First I give some background about why we adjust, how adjustments work and how as teachers we can make it as safe as possible. Then for each posture, you will find photographs of the adjustment and succinct clear instructions of how to carry out the adjustment.

As a teacher, it is a good idea sometimes to choose a focus for a class. For example, if you have noticed that your students do not seem to be breath- ing properly, you could teach a whole class focused on the breath. Read the relevant chapter on breathing. Look for three pieces of information to emphasise during the class (if you try to give too much information, people tend to go into brain overload and switch off). Maybe choose one scientific way in which the special breathing can benefit the body, one of the yogic ways in which breathing affects the body and one of the breathing exercises. Take some time in the class to talk about the breath in more depth, explain clearly how to do it, why we do it and what the benefits are. I find if students know why they are doing something, and understand the theory behind it, they are more likely to carry on doing it.

If you feel you are always saying the same things and worry that you are lacking in inspiration, look at the teaching points. These are given in the chapters on breath and bandhas, as well as in Chapter 8, which is devoted exclusively to teaching points. Do not necessarily take my points and copy them, although this could be a good way to start, but use them for sparking ideas and themes in a class. For example, you could teach a whole class focused on the foundation and the use of the hands and feet (see Chapter 8).

If you want to learn more hands-on adjustment work, get together with two yoga friends. One of you will be reading out instructions, one will be the student and the third will be doing the adjustment. Try two or three asana in a session and follow the instructions given in Chapter 11. Experiment with different levels of pressure and what feels good. Then try the adjustment on a student you know well, and build up slowly from there.

All this is in no way meant to replace a teacher-training course or study with a senior teacher. It is intended as a supplement to give you ideas and inspiration and help you find your voice as a teacher. I taught for seven years before going on a course. I made it up as I went along and learned by my mistakes. My classes were busy and popular and no one died, but my teaching definitely improved a huge amount after I went on my teacher-training course – I highly, highly recommend it.

My intention in writing this book is to share and pass on information and ideas I have gathered in nearly two decades of practising and teaching. I learned from my teachers and students and I have a huge desire to share this learning. I find the process of teaching very satisfying and in teaching I learn myself.